Reading with OrCam The OrCam MyReader is one of the new reading assistive technology devices that can help people achieve greater independence. Reading assistive technology can be used for people who suffer from learning disabilities that cause them to have difficulty reading texts. Although dyslexia is one of the most common disorder, not all reading disabilities are dyslexia. Let’s look into some other reading disabilities. There is a disorder called Specific Reading Comprehension Deficits or S-RCD. Where dyslexia is about reading the words, S-RCD is about understanding them. It is similar to reading a foreign language because while you know how to pronounce the words but you do not know the meaning of the words you are reading. Using neuroimaging, researchers can see differences in the brain between someone who does not have S-RCD and someone who does. According to a study done by Johns Hopkins School of Medicine/Kennedy Krieger Institute and Vanderbilt University’s Peabody College of Education, children with dyslexia have abnormalities in the occipital temporal cortex, the area associated with recognizing word on a page. However, children with S-RCD have abnormalities in the region associated with memory. Another reading disorder is called alexia, which is when someone who previously was able to read loses their ability to read. The difficulties are involuntary. Pure alexia, also knows as pure word blindness or agnostic alexia, is one form of alexia. People who suffer from pure alexia have severe reading problems, while other language–related skills, such as oral repetition and writing, usually stay intact. Pure alexia involves a problem with the left posterior cerebral artery. A person with pure alexia would be able to write but not read, because pure alexia affects visual input. Patients with pure alexia can recognize words that are spelled out loud to them. How is this possible? This is because the left cortex has been damaged, which leaves the right visual cortex able to process visual information but unable to send this information to the language areas in the left brain. People with these reading disabilities can use the OrCam MyReader or other reading assistive technology to help them read texts and keep pace with their fellow classmates or coworkers.